Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, a direct manipulation of the genome in organisms using biotechnology is genetic engineering, also known as genetic modification.
It is a number of technologies used to change the genetic composition of cells and also for transferring genes to better or new organisms within and across species boundaries.
A new DNA is achieved by the use of a molecular cloning process or by artificially synthesizing the DNA, either isolating or copying the genetic material concerned. A building is normally created and inserted into the host organism by this DNA. The process can also be used to remove or “knock off” genes as well as to insert genes.
History of the Science
At the beginning of the 1990s, Hawaii’s papaya production was destroyed by an Emerging Disease and the $11 million industry was threatened with decimation. He would, fortunately, have developed papaya plants that have been genetically engineered to resist the lethal virus, and he would then have become a plant physiologist at Cornell University. By the end of the decade, Dr Gonsalves‘ seeds were freely distributed and the Hawaiian papaya industry and the farmers’ livelihoods were saved.
An example of agricultural biotechnology is developing a new strain of crops: a number of tools including both conventional breeding techniques and more modern lab-based methods.
Traditional methods date back thousands of years, while biotechnology uses the genetic engineering instruments which have been developed over recent decades. The name of the methods used by scientists for introducing new characteristics into an organism is genetic engineering.
It leads to genetically modified organisms or genetically modified organisms. For example, genetically engineered plants can be designed to produce characteristics that can improve food crop growth or nutritional profile.
Traditional Breeding Vs Modern Genetic Engineering
In order to produce new characteristics in animals, pets, crops or other organisms, the genetic instructions of this organism almost always have to be underlyingly modified. What many people can not understand is that traditional breeding practices actually lead to permanent genetic modification and thus to genetic modification.
This may be misunderstood as there is no need for sophisticated laboratories or genetic knowledge in traditional breeding practices which some may regard as a requirement for genetic modifications.
Comparison with modern genetic engineering of traditional breeding practice? The changes in the genetic information of an organism result in both, but the extent of these changes varies between the two techniques. Traditional breeding moulds all the genes between the two organisms that grow into tens of thousands (e.g. corn has 32,000 genes).
The results can be unpredictable when mixing such a large number of genes. In the sense that biologists can modify just one gene, modern genetic engineering is more precisely.
Genetic engineering can also introduce a gene between two far-related species, for example, into the plant. Such a transfer may appear unusual but it is not of the same nature. DNA of one species can be inserted into another species in a process called horizontal gene transfer. For example, a recent study found that humans contain approximately 150 genes, including bacteria, from other species.
Benefits of Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology advances could provide consumers with food that is nutritionally enriched, lasting or containing lower levels of certain natural food plant toxins. Developers, for instance, use biotech to reduce saturated fats in cooking oils, to reduce food allergens and to increase food nutrients that combat disease.
Biotechnology can also be used to preserve natural resources, to enable animals to use nutrients present in feed more efficiently, to reduce nutrient runoff in rivers and bays and to help satisfy the growing global requirements of food and land.
Cheaper and more manageable production
Biotechnology can offer farmers the tools to make the product cheaper and more manageable. Cheaper and managed production Some biotechnological plants, for example, can be developed to tolerate certain herbicides, which simplify and efficiently control weeds.
Additional plants have been developed to be resistant to specific plant diseases and insect pests, allowing for reliable and effective prevention, and/or reducing the use of synthetic pesticides. These crops can help countries keep pace with food demands while reducing production costs.
Integration of both the technologies
The techniques and technologies of genetic engineering can be used to:
- Enhance production agriculture, in a number of ways
- Ensure better crop harvests
- Enhance the nutritive value of specific foods
- Enhance food safety
- Reduce the environmental impact of the food system
- Reduce waste
- Contribute to the sustainability of the food system
- Help meet the world’s increasing food supply needs.
The link between genetic engineering and Biotechnology is the basis of a general sense, the biotechnology industry is a wide range which includes the use of other species to serve the needs of human beings.
Your ancestors, who were breeding dogs or some crops selectively, have been using biotechnology for thousands of years. Modern farmers and dog breeders are like that and every bakery or winery is like that.
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering – For more interesting articles keep visiting us!