Mangrove & how it is used as a product.
Mangrove ecosystems have an important and special collection of services and resources.
The term mangrove collectively describes a coastal wetland ecosystem, a very unique group of plants and animals living in the intertidal regions of tropical or sub-tropical latitudes that lie low in place.
This also serves as a term for halophytic sea tidal forests of trees, bushes, palms, ferns and grasses. Because of their reproductive biology and adaptation to intertidal environments, they are one of the simplest types of tropical forest.
Across three broader groups mangroves can be graded. Firstly, true mangroves are limited primarily to the interstitial areas of nap and spring tides in high waters.
Plants of true mangroves belong to 17 separate families at least. There are about 80 species of true mangrove trees/shrubbery, 50-60 of which contribute substantially to the mangrove forest structure.
Within the south-eastern region, where about two-thirds of species are found, there are about 15 species within Africa and ten in America (Field, 1995). The number of these are considerably higher.
Inventory of the world’s Mangrove forests
World-wide – 15.5
Indo-Pacific – 6.9
Americas – 4.1
Africa – 3.5
How Mangroves Are Used?
The uses of mangroves falls into two categories:
- Use of the mangrove ecosystem as a whole or its conversion to other uses.
- The use of products from the mangrove ecosystem.
Ecologically, mangroves are important for soil conservation and development, as a repository for the tertiary waste assimilation and global biomass, nitrogen and sulfur cycles.
Protection from cyclones is a “free” benefit. Nonetheless, secret mangrove benefits can also be more important than apparent, particularly in marginal areas.
They play a major role in seaside stability and in facilitating land accretion, mud bench fixation, wind drain, tidal energy and wave energy.
They play a significant part in the stability of coastal regions and encourage land development, mud deposits, dissipation of waves, tidal energy and wave energy.
Saltmarsh habitat is a fairly cheap and efficient alternate erosion management approach at some shoreline locations. The portions of the aerial plant part water and serve as a breathing field by the deposition of sediment and maintain the substratum through the rough surface of the roots and the rhizomes (Broom et al., 1981).
They trap sediments and thus contribute to land development and avoid the unnecessary change of coastal sand. Very new industry use of ecotourism and leisure.
Recreation and ecotourism have been fairly recent commercial use of mangroves.
Consideration was granted to the use of mangroves as a natural sewage system. Migrants collect sediments and thereby contribute to land development, reducing flooding and unnecessary marine movements.
Recreation and ecotourism are a fairly recent economic application of mangroves. Mangrove habitats play a vital role in biodiversity, recreation and science projects in Australia with the development of natural forests, sanctuaries, national parks and reserves.
Mangrove & how it is used as a product