Patient Monitoring System – Saving lives
What Is Patient Monitoring?
Treatment of critically ill patients has been a standard feature of continuous measures of patient parameters such as cardiopathy and rhythm, respiratory rates, blood pressure, blood- oxygen saturation and many other parameters. When accurate and immediate decision-making is essential for successful patient care, electronic monitors are also used to gather clinical data and view them.
Such data are increasingly collected using non-invasive sensors in hospital-surgical units, work and delivery rooms, nursing homes and home-patients in less severely ill patients in order to recognize unexpected life-threatening conditions or to record data efficiently but requires it.
A patient monitor is generally called something that monitors and warns about severe or life-threatening incidents in patients, whether seriously ill or otherwise. Patient follow-up may, with due regard to the guiding decision making, including in the treatment and assessment of such intervention, be defined as “repeated or continuous observations or measurements, of the patient’s or of his or her physiological function and the function of lifestyle equipment”
What is the need of the Patient Monitoring System?
There are at least five patient groups that need physiological monitoring:
- Patients with dysfunctional physiological controls, for instance, patients with an overdose of anaesthesia in their respiratory system
- For instance a patient with findings of acute myocardial infarction (cardiac attack) Patients who are suspected of a life-threatening condition
- Immediately after open-heart surgery or a prematurity infant whose heart or lungs are not fully developed. patients with a high risk of life-threats.
- Essential physiotherapy patients; for instance, multiple trauma patients or septic shock patients.
- During the labour and delivery process, mother and baby.
Care for the critically ill patient requires prompt and precise decisions to ensure proper application of life protection and life-saving therapy. These requirements have led to the widespread development of ICUs in hospitals. For the following purposes, such devices use computers nearly universally:
● To acquire physiological data frequently or continuously, such as blood pressure readings
● To communicate information from data-producing systems to remote locations (e.g.,
laboratory and radiology departments)
● To store, organize, and report data
● To integrate and correlate data from multiple sources
● To provide clinical alerts and advisories based on multiple sources of data
● To function as a decision-making tool that health professionals may use in planning
the care of critically ill patients
● To measure the severity of illness for patient classification purposes
● To analyze the outcomes of ICU care in terms of clinical effectiveness and cost
Advantages of Patient Monitoring System
Next to the machine pioneers, bedside monitors, today include many microcomputers, with considerably more processing power and memory than the devices. Next to their analogue predecessor monitor with integrated microcomputer has the following advantage.
- Detailed pattern identification and physiological feature removal are possible through a digital computer to store patient waveform data such as the ECG. Modern microcomputer-based bedside monitors are used to identify abnormal waveform patterns and then to classify ECG arrhythmias using multiple ECG channels and pattern recognition systems.
- Multiple ECG pipes can now monitor signal quality and minimize interference noise. For instance, the computer can track ECG skin-electrode resistance degradation. The screen can alert the nurse to change the problem electrode defined if the touch is bad.
- By translating them in digital form early during the processing cycle, the physiological signal can be obtained more efficiently. The microcomputer can then be used to process waveforms (e.g., calibration and filtering). The same thing is true. The process simplifies the nurse ‘s task by eliminating the step in the manual calibration to set up and operate the bedside monitor.
- If they are digitized, selected data can be easily retained. For example, the ECG strips can be stored in the bedside monitor for subsequent review with interesting physiological sequences, like rhythm periods. All of the waveform data from many ECG and blood pressure transducers are usually registered by the monitors today for at least 24 hours and often even longer.
- During prolonged times, measures like the heart rate and blood pressure can be graphed to help detect life-threatening trends.
Patient Monitoring System – Saving lives