What are the benefits of the National Health Mission Program?

What are the benefits of the National Health Mission Program?

What is the National Health Mission Program?

The Indian government initiated the National Health Mission (NHM) in 2013 to improve health services in urban and rural areas. The National Mission for Rural Health and the National Mission for Urban Health involves two sub-mission tasks.

The National Health Mission comprises the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM). The two submissions are ongoing. Health network improvement, mental-reproductive-neonatal childhood and adolescent wellbeing (RMNCH+A) and cyber- and non-communicable diseases are main program elements for this initiative.

The NHM aims to achieve equal access to fair, accessible and reliable health care that address the needs of individuals. National Health Mission Continuation-Cabinet approval in its meeting dated 21.03.2018 is effective between 1 April 2017 and 31 March 2020.

What are the Types of National Health Mission?

There are two types of Nation Health Mission Programs namely:

  • National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
  • National Urban Health Mission (NUHM)

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)

The National Rural Health Plan, initiated in April 2005, is focused on providing rural, especially vulnerable communities with open, reliable and quality health care.

Under the NRHM, particular emphasis is focused on mobilized advocacy groups of States and the Northeastern countries of Jammu and Kashmir. The goal is to create a completely integrated, unified healthcare system for the populations with cross-sectoral integration at all levels.

It is meant to ensure that a number of medical considerations such as hygiene, sanitation, diet, healthcare, social and gender equity are concurrently dealt with.

What are the benefits of the National Health Mission Program?

National Urban Health Mission (NUHM)

Through providing them with access to affordable primary healthcare, the NUHM aims to improve the health status of urban population, in particular slum residents and other vulnerable areas.

NUHM includes all offices in the district, region and other cities with a population of more than 50,000 (as per 2011 census) in advance. NRHM includes towns and settlements with fewer than 50.000 residents.

What are the Features & Benefits Of National Health Mission (NHM)?

Features of National Health Mission

  • The National Health Mission ‘s characteristics are:
  • Which comprises the National Mission of Rural Health (NRHM) and the National Mission of Public Health (NUHM).
  • It aims to provide health care facilities of equal, accessible and reliable.
  • The Rural Health Sanitary and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) is among the major programs under the National Health Mission, as well as ASHA, Rogi Kalyan Samiti/ Hospital Administration Society, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY).
  • The Ministry for Health Surveillance Systems has established a web-based Patient Care Information System for the National Health Project.

Benefits of National Health Mission

The Public Health Plan has the following advantages:

  • It offers rural residents with cost-effective and affordable health care.
  • The healthcare system has been improved.
  • It has brought down maternal mortality among poor pregnant women.
  • Tobacco use and tobacco consumers’ rates have declined.
  • The Karyakram Janani Shishu Shishu helps pregnant women to give birth without cost in public health facilities.

Six financing components:

  • NRHM-RCH Flexipool
  • NUHM Flexipool
  • Flexible pool for Communicable disease
  • Flexible pool for Non-communicable disease including Injury and Trauma
  • Infrastructure Maintenance and
  • Family Welfare Central Sector component.

The states will have the ability to prepare and execute unique regional action plans in accordance with defined national guidelines and goals. The State PIP will detail the key policies, programs, financial priorities and key health objectives and results.

The State PIPs will include a rundown of the health action plans for the district/city which include events at the state level. The PIP also contains all the various municipal / city proposals.

This has several benefits: first, strengthening district/city local planning; second, ensuring the approval of adequate funds for district action plans with high priority; third, enabling the districts and the State to pass approvals at the same time.

The movement of funds from the central government into the States / UTs is according to the protocol set down by the Indian administration.

Goals :

Outcomes for NHM in the 12th Plan are synonymous with those of the 11th Plan and are part of the overall vision. Specific goals for the states will be based on existing levels, capacity, and context. State-specific innovations would be encouraged. Process and outcome indicators will be developed to reflect equity, quality, efficiency, and responsiveness. Targets for communicable and non-communicable diseases will be set at the state level based on local epidemiological patterns and taking into account the financing available for each of these conditions.

The endeavor would be to ensure the achievement of indicators in Box 1 as follows :

  1. Reduce MMR to 1/1000 live births
  2. Reduce IMR to 25/1000 live births
  3. Reduce TFR to 2.1
  4. Prevention and reduction of anaemia in women aged 15–49 years
  5. Prevent and reduce mortality & morbidity from communicable, non- communicable; injuries and emerging diseases
  6. Reduce household out-of-pocket expenditure on total health care expenditure
  7. Reduce annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half
  8. Reduce the prevalence of Leprosy to <1/10000 population and incidence to zero in all districts
  9. Annual Malaria Incidence to be <1/1000
  10. Less than 1 per cent microfilaria prevalence in all districts
  11. Kala-azar Elimination by 2015, <1 case per 10000 population in all blocks

View More: For More Information on NHM

View More: NHM Framework for Implementation(2012-2017)

What are the benefits of the National Health Mission Program?

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